The analysis of ideology in Martin Luther King speeches

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Hidayah, Lailatul (2018) The analysis of ideology in Martin Luther King speeches. Undergraduate thesis, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

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This thesis critically analyses the three speeches of Martin Luther King which was delivered on the 17th May, 1957; 4th April 1967; 16th August 1967. The three speeches are about the struggle of Negro against discrimination, injustice, and violence. In carrying out the analysis, Van Dijk’s structure of text models was adapted. Following the model, the speech was subjected to analysis structure of text; macrostructure (topic), superstructure (framework of discourse), and microstructure (local meaning of discourse). This study used qualitative method as research approach. The result of the analysis reveals that the topic or macrostructure of three speech texts are about the injustice happens because of the oppression of power class. Schema of all speech texts or superstructure began with the opening section, content section, and the last is closing section. All of schema of three speeches began with the information about the condition of poor people or the Negro. Analyzing the microstructure, the writer found the semantic aspect those are the justice for Negro to get the right to vote (first speech), the story of tragedy in Vietnam (second speech), the bad impact of the oppression of White (third speech). In the stylistic aspect, Martin Luther King used the positive words in all speech texts. In the syntactic aspect, Martin as a speaker wants to show his big hope that is the justice for Negro (first speech); Martin worried about the people who live in the war (second speech); Negro would get their freedom by all their efforts (third speech). In the rhetoric aspect, Martin used metaphor to describe the condition of people who are oppressed by power class. Then, the ideology that represented in the text is socialism.


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Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Hidayah, Lailatulelalaila.hidayah@gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Bahasa Inggris
Kesusastraan > Kesusastraan Inggris
Keywords: Critical discourse analysis; three elements of text structure; ideology
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora > Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Hidayah Lailatul
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2018 07:37
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2018 07:37

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