Male and female politeness strategies used by the main characters in The Synecdoche, New York movie

This item is published by Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Firmansyah, Achmad Iqbal Rizky (2021) Male and female politeness strategies used by the main characters in The Synecdoche, New York movie. Undergraduate thesis, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

[img] Text
Achmad Iqbal Rizky Firmansyah_A73216096.pdf

Download (1MB)


This thesis investigated the politeness strategy used by the main characters of a movie and focused on gender difference in polite language use. This research have two problems that must be solved: (1) What are the types of politeness strategies used by the main characters in the Synecdoche, New York movie and (2) What are the differences in the use of politeness strategies between men and women main characters in Synecdoche, New York movie. The researcher analyzed the types of politeness strategies before the difference in the polite language usage. Brown and Levinson (1987) classified politeness strategy into four types, those are, bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness, and off-record. By using descriptive-qualitative method, the researcher is able to reveal the politeness strategies used by the main characters and the differences in the polite language usage between each gender. First, identified, classified, and analyzed the data. Last, the researcher compared all of the types and utterances to find the difference between the main characters. This research reveals that the politeness strategy most frequently used by the men and women's main characters at Synecdoche, New York movie is positive politeness. Most of the choices of politeness strategies in the main character are influenced by personality, social closeness, social position level, and the situations that occur in the conversation affect the main character in using politeness strategies. This study also reveals several differences in politeness strategies usage between men and women's main characters, such as differences when interacting with a familiar person and a stranger, conveying apologies, and conveying directive utterance. The men main characters in this movie tend not to think about other people's feelings and tend to be shorter in pronouncing his words. Besides, the women main characters are more sensitive to other people's feelings and use more formal and long sentences. In this movie, there are different strategies in the use of politeness, where the men main characters are more straightforward in speaking than women. However, in percentage terms, there are similarities between the two.


Downloads from over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Firmansyah, Achmad Iqbal Rizkyiqbalrizky7722@gmail.comA73216096
Thesis advisorJannah, Raudlotulj.brillianty@gmail.com2006107801
Subjects: Bahasa Inggris
Keywords: Kesantunan; Strategi kesantunan; Gender; Film Synecdoche; New York; Pemeran utama.
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora > Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Achmad Iqbal Rizky Firmansyah
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2021 21:41
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2021 21:41

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item